Procedures

Identification of the Vehicle

Vehicle registration certificate/single document

Test method: Comparative/visual inspection
What is checked: Comparison between the details of the vehicle registration certificate and the vehicle details

Chassis number

Test method: Comparative/visual inspection
What is checked: Co Comparison with the number contained in the vehicle registration certificate and the number on the vehicle

Registration plate

Test method: Comparative/visual inspection
What is checked: The good condition of the registration plates and respective approval

Lighting equipment, reflectors and electrical equipment

Main and dipped beam headlamps and front fog lights

Test method: Practical inspection
Equipment: Regloscope
What is checked: Condition, alignment and measurement of the intensity of the headlamps

Front and rear position lamps, stop lamps, direction indicators, hazard warning lamps, rear fog lights, reversing lamps, side marker lamps and outline marker lamps

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Condition, mounting, operation, colour and approval

Control panel lights

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Operation of the indicator lights

Reflectors and reflector plates

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Condition and placing of plates

Electrical wiring

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Mounting of the battery, condition and mounting of the cabling

Emission of pollutants

Exhaust system

Test method: Visual/auditory inspection 
What is checked: Mounting and any leakage

Emission of exhaust gases (engine and fuel)

Test method: Practical 
Equipment:  Exhaust gas analyser
What is checked: Measurement of CO (carbon monoxide) values and lambda value

Exhaust gas emissions (diesel engines)

Test method: Practical 
Equipment: Opacimeter
What is checked: Measurement of exhaust gas opacity

Lubricating oil emissions

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Any engine oil leaks

Steering

Wheel Alignment

Test method: Practical inspection
Equipment: Slide slip tester 
What is checked: Steering deviation (play)

Steering wheel and column

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Mounting of components

Steering gear casing

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Gear casing or mounting play and any lubricant leakage

Steering linkage, rods and swivel joints

Test methodPractical/visual inspection
Equipment: Wheel play detector
What is checked: Any deformation of components and/or play

Power steering

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Operation and any leaks

Axles, suspension, wheels, tyres and transmission

Rear and front axles

Test method: Practical/visual inspection
Equipment: Wheel play detector
What is checked: Attachment to chassis and any deformations

Springs and torsion bars

Test method: Practical/visual inspection
Equipment: Wheel play detector
What is checked: Condition and attachment of springs

 

Shock absorbers

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Assembly and any leaks

 

Suspension arms and stabilising bars

Test method: Practical/visual inspection
Equipment: Wheel play detector
What is checked: Condition and attachment of arms and bars

 

Pneumatic and hydrolastic systems

Test method: Practical/visual inspection
Equipment: Wheel play detector
What is checked: Condition, mounting and assembly of the systems

 

Efficiency testing for light vehicles with a tare or gross vehicle mass equal or less than 2800 kg

Test method: Practical
Equipment: Suspension bench
What is checked: Efficiency of the vehicle's suspension

 

Rims

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Attachment, any deformations, characteristics and sizes

 

Tyres

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Any deformations, direction of rotation, characteristics, approval and sizes

 

Wheel bearings

Test method: Practical/visual
Equipment: Wheel play detector
What is checked: Any play and lubricant leaks

 

Transmission

Test method: Practical/visual
Equipment: Wheel play detector
What is checked: Condition of the components, any play and lubricant leaks

 

Braking systems

Mechanical condition and operation

Test method: Practical/visual inspection
Equipment: Roller Brake Tester
What is checked: Condition, mounting, operation and assembly of the braking systems
 

Service brake pedal performance and efficiency

Test method: Practical
Equipment: Roller Brake Tester
What is checked: Service brake pedal performance and efficiency
 

Parking brake performance and efficiency

Test method: Practical
Equipment: Roller Brake Tester
What is checked: Parking brake performance and efficiency
 

Retarder or exhaust brake performance and efficiency

Test method: Practical
Equipment: Roller Brake Tester
What is checked: Retarder or exhaust brake performance

 

Other equipment

Safety belts

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Mounting, operation, approval and any deformations

Fire extinguisher (for public passenger transport vehicles)

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Characteristics, expiry date and mounting
 

Anti-theft devices

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Approval
 

Warning triangle

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Condition and approval
 

Retroreflective vest

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Condition and approval
 

Audible warning device

Test method: Visual/auditory inspection
What is checked: Operation
 

Speedometer and odometer

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Operation
 

Tachograph (compulsory for certain vehicles)

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Verification of the seal and validity of the metrological control
 

Speed limitation device (compulsory for certain vehicles)

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Installation and seals
 
Chassis and chassis attachments

Chassis or frame

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Any deformations, corrosion and cleanliness of the vehicle


Cab and bodywork
 

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Mounting, general condition, doors, bulkhead, steps and seats
 

 

Visibility

Visibility

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Operation of the sun visors
 

Windows
 

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Condition of the windows and existence of unauthorised tinted film
 

Rear-view mirrors
 

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Condition, operation and adjustment system
 

Windscreen wiper system
 

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Operation, condition and characteristics of the windscreen wipers
 

Windscreen washers
 

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Operation

 

Supplementary tests for Public Transport Vehicles

Emergency exits

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Signage, emergency controls and verification of the existence of hammers
 

Ventilation and heating

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Operation of the systems
 

Seats

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Condition
 

Interior lighting

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Operation
 

Advertising

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Compliance with the positioning of advertising in the vehicle
 

Cleanliness

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: State of cleanliness of the vehicle
 

Curtains

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Existence verified
 

Sound or light signalling for stopping

Test method: Visual/auditory inspection
What is checked: Operation
 

Interior information signs

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Existence verified
Detailed visual observation in regard to identification

Make, model, chassis number, wheelbase, category, type, engine, body, capacity, recordings and plates, gross towable weight and tyres

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Comparison between the vehicle registration certificate data
and the vehicle data
Verification of the suspension and steering systems

Axles, wheels, tyres and suspension

Test method: Practical inspection
Equipment used: Equipment for the verification of the geometry of the alignment and angle variation of the wheels
What is checked: Conformity of the measurements of the steering angles in relation to those specified by the manufacturer
 
Detailed exterior visual observation

Chassis and bodywork

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Conformity of the chassis and bodywork with the approved vehicle model
 

Repairs

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Welds, systems, components, technical replacement units and bumpers
 
Determination of CO2 value

CO2 value

Test method: Practical
Equipment used: Power test bench and Exhaust Gas Analyser
What is checked: CO2 is determined by a test cycle
Three-dimensional verification of the structure

Chassis

Test method: Practical inspection
Equipment used: Equipment for the three-dimensional verification of data
What is checked: Conformity of the measurements carried out of the chassis in relation to those specified by the manufacturer
 
Verification of the adaptation for the transport of children

Safety belts, doors and windows, tachograph, fire extinguisher and first aid kit

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Mounting and approval of safety belts, confirmation of the characteristics of the first aid kit and correct operation of the windows and doors 

 
Verification of tinted film on windows

Approval of tinted film on windows

Test method: Visual inspection
What is checked: Confirmation of the approval mark of the tinted film according to the list of tinted films issued by the Institute for Mobility and Land Transport and the correct application of the tinted film on the windows.